and Allah said "And proclaim the pilgramage among men; they will come to thee on foot and on every kind of camel. Lean on account of Journeys through deep and distant mountain highways" Surah 22 ~ Al Hajj Part 27

 

NOTE:

Please remember unlike other religions, Islam revears and highly respects not only the teachings but also all materials - written or otherwise pertaining to Islam. Therefore utmost respect and cleanliness should be observed at all times, when handling all Islamic materials!

 

 

History and compilation of the Holy Quran

And Allah said "and we have sent down to you a reminder so that you may explain to mankind what was revealed, than perhaps they will reflect"

 

 

Brief History of the Compilation of the Quran

The Quran was revealed over 23 years. The longer verses were predominantly received in Mecca and the shorter ones in Medina . The Surah's index page is colour coded to tell you which Surah was revealed where. To view it now, please click on the icon below

 

During the life of the Prophet (pbuh) (570-632 CE)

The Prophet (pbuh) used to recite the Quran before angel Jibraeel (Gabriel) once every Ramadan, but he recited it twice (in the same order we have today) in the last Ramadan before his death. Jibraeel also taught the Prophet (pbuh) the seven modes of recitation.

Each verse received was recited by the Prophet, and its location relative to other verses and surahs was identified by him.

The verses were written by scribes, selected by the Prophet, on any suitable object - the leaves of trees, pieces of wood, parchment or leather, flat stones, and shoulder blades. Scribes included Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Mu'awiyah Ibn Abi Sufyan, Ubey Ibn Ka'ab, Zayed Ibn Thabit.

Several hundred companions memorised the Quran by heart.

During the Caliphate of Abu Bakr (632-634 CE)

Umar Ibn Al-Khattab urged Abu Bakr to preserve and compile the Quran. This was prompted after the battle of Yamamah, where heavy casualties were suffered among the orators who had memorised the Quran.

Abu Bakr entrusted Zayed Ibn Thabit with the task of collecting the Quran. Zayed had been present during the last recitation of the Quran by the Prophet to Angel Jibraeel (Gabriel).

Zayed, with the help of the companions who memorized and wrote verses of the Quran, accomplished the task and handed Abu Bakr the first authenticated copy of the Quran. The copy was kept in the residence of Hafsah, daughter of Umar and wife of the Prophet.

During the Caliphate of Uthman (644-656 CE)

Uthman (RA) ordered Zayed Ibn Thabit, Abdullah Ibn Al Zubayr, Saeed Ibn Al-Aas, and Abdur-Rahman Ibn Harith Ibn Hisham to make perfect copies of the authenticated copy kept with Hafsa. This was due to the rapid expansion of the Islamic state and concern about differences in recitation.

Copies were sent to various places in the Muslim world. The original copy was returned to Hafsa, and a copy was kept in Medina .