and Allah said "And proclaim the pilgramage among men; they will come to thee on foot and on every kind of camel. Lean on account of Journeys through deep and distant mountain highways" Surah 22 ~ Al Hajj Part 27

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Muhammad (pbuh)- The Prophet

570 AD ~ 632 AD

Muhammad (pbuh) was born in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia , on Monday, 12 Rabi' Al-Awal (2 August A.D. 570). His mother, Aminah, was the daughter of Wahb Ibn Abdu Manaf of the Zahrah family. His father, 'Abdullah, was the son of Abdul Muttalib. His genealogy has been traced to the noble house of Ishmael, the son of Prophet Abraham in about the fortieth descend. Muhammad's father died before his birth.

Before he was six years old his mother died, and the orphaned Muhammad (pbuh) was put under the charge of his grandfather Abdul Muttalib, who cared for him with utmost tenderness. But the old chief died two years later. On his deathbed he confided to his son Abu Talib the charge of the little orphan Muhammad (pbuh).

When Muhammad (pbuh) was twelve years old, he accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on a mercantile journey to Syria , and they proceeded as far as Bosra.

Bosra Today

The journey lasted for some months. It was at Bosra that the Christian monk Bahira met Muhammad (pbuh). He is related to have said to Abu Talib: 'Return with this boy and guard him against the hatred of the Jews, for a great future awaits your nephew."

After this journey, the youth of Muhammad (pbuh) seems to have been passed uneventfully, but all authorities agree in ascribing to him such correctness of manners and purity of morals as were rare among the people of Mecca (Makkah). The fair character and the honourable bearing of the unobtrusive youth won the admiration of the citizens of Mecca , and by common consent he received the title of "Al Ameen," (The Faithful).

In his early years, Muhammad (pbuh) was not free from the cares of life. He had to watch the flocks of his uncle; who, like the rest of the Bani Hashim, had lost the greater part of his wealth.

From youth to manhood Muhammad (pbuh) led an almost solitary life. The lawlessness rife among the Makkans, the sudden outbursts of causeless and bloody quarrels among the tribes frequenting the Fair of Okadh (The Arabian Olympia), and the immorality and scepticism of the Quraish, naturally caused feelings of pity and sorrow in the heart of the sensitive youth. Such scenes of social misery and religious degradation were characteristic of a depraved age.

When Muhammad (pbuh) was twenty five years old, he travelled once more to Syria as a factor of a noble and rich Quraishi widow named Khadijah; and, having proved himself faithful in the commercial interests of that lady, he was soon rewarded with her hand in marriage. This marriage proved fortunate and singularly happy. Khadijah was much older then her husband, but in spite of the difference of age between them, the tender devotion on both sides existed. This marriage gave him the loving heart of a woman who was ever ready to console him in his despair and to keep alive within him the feeble, flickering flame of hope when no man believed in him and the world appeared gloomy in his eyes.

Until he reached thirty years of age, Muhammad (pbuh) was almost a stranger to the outside world. Since the death of his grandfather. Authority in Mecca (Makkah) was divided amongst ten senators who constituted the governing body of the Arabian Commonwealth . There was no such accord amongst them to ensure the safety of individual rights and property. Though family relations afforded some degree of protection to citizens, yet strangers were frequently exposed to persecution and oppression. In many cases they were robbed, not only of their goods, but even of their wives and daughters. At the instigation of the faithful Muhammad (pbuh), an old league called the Federation of Fudul, i.e., favours were revived with the object of repressing lawlessness and defending every weak individual - whether Makkan or stranger, free or slave - against any wrong or oppression to which he might be the victim within the territories of Mecca (Makkah).

When Muhammad (pbuh) reached thirty-five years, he settled by his judgment a grave dispute, which threatened to plunge the whole of Arabia into a fresh series of her often recurring wars. In rebuilding the Sacred House of the Ka'bah in A.D. 605, the question arose as to who should have the honour of raising the black stone, the most holy relic of that House, into its proper place. Each tribe claimed that honour. The senior citizen advised the disputants to accept for their arbitrator the first man to enter from a certain gate. The proposal was agreed upon, and the first man who entered the gate was Muhammad (pbuh) "Al-Ameen." His advice satisfied all the contending parties. He ordered the stone to be placed on a piece of cloth and each tribe to share the honour of lifting it up by taking hold of a part of the cloth. The stone was thus deposited in its place, and the rebuilding of the House was completed without further interruption.

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