And Allah said "And proclaim the pilgramage among men; they will come to thee on foot and on every kind of camel. Lean on account of Journeys through deep and distant mountain highways" Surah 22 ~ Al Hajj Part 27

The Daily Prayers (Salaah) Defined:

How did Salaah come about?

 

There are five obligatory prayers a day, namely: Fajr, Zohar, Asar, Magrib and Isha

The five prayers are then broken in to smaller segments and are defined as follows: Fards, Sunats, Nafals and Witr

Fards (Faraz - obligation) are, as the name suggests Obligatory and read without fail. Sunats and Nafals are optional prayers that performed. Nafals are performed to eradicate any deficiency in ones prayers.

Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is reputed to have performed a further three rakats after Isha prayers and hence Witr rakats are performed after Isha. As the name suggests Witr means odd and can be prayed as 1 rakat or 3 rakats or 5 rakats.

The Rakah's for Salaah are:

Fajr – 2 Sunats and 2 Fards

Zohar – 4 Sunats, 4 Fards, 2 Sunats and 2 Nafals

Asar – 4 Sunats and 4 Fards

Magrib – 3 Fards, 2 Sunats and 2 Nafals

Isha – 4 Sunats, 4 Fards, 2 Sunats, 2 Nafals

Witr - 1, 3, 5 or any odd number of rakats's

 

Body, clothes and place of prayer must be clean.
Perform Ablution ( See Wudu ) if needed.
Women are required to cover their hair, however as most beleiving women wear the hijjab (scarf) this requirement is automatically fulfiled

Face the Kabbah (Qibla) , the direction of Makkah (Mecca)

Listen to the Call to Prayer (Athan ) which is heard at prescribed times of the prayer

Stand erect, head down, hands at sides, feet evenly spaced.


Recite Iqama (private call to prayer ):

Note – A single rakat is all the stages denoted below until Sudjood has been performed

Begin Salaah

Niyyat (Neyah) : Expressing the intent to perform Salaah

Example:

I intend to offer _____ (however many) rakats of the ____ (whichever) prayer, and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.
(For example: "I intend to offer the 4 rakat s of the Isha prayer and face the Qibla for the sake of Allah and Allah alone.")

Allahu Akbar
God is great.

 

 

Stand with respect and attention; put the world behind you.
Bring hands to ears, palms forward, thumbs behind earlobes and say (The entire prayer must be recited in Arabic, but for your information we have provided the English translation next to the Arabic transliteration) Salaah can not be performed in anything but Arabic!

Opening Supplication (optional):

 

Subhaana ala humma wa bihamdika

wa tabaara kasmuka wa ta'aalaa jadduka

wa laa ilaaha ghairuka

 

 

Glory to You, O Allah, and Yours is the praise.

And blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty.

And there is no deity to be worshipped but You

 

Said prior to reciting Fatiha

 

A'uudhu billaahi minash shaitaan ar-Rajeem

 

 

I seek refuge in Allah from Satan, the accursed.

 

Fatiha : Fatiha (The first Surah of the Quran) is recited aloud for Fajr, Magrib and Isha. Silently for Dhur and Asr

 

Bismillaah arak-Rahman ara-Raheem

Al hamdu lillaahi rabbil 'alameen

Ar-Rahman ara-Raheem

Maaliki yaumid Deen

Iyyaaka na'abudu wa iyyaaka nasta'een

Ihdinas siraatal mustaqeem

Siraatal ladheena an 'amta' alaihim

Ghairil maghduubi' alaihim waladaaleen

Aameen

 

In the name of God, the infinitely Compassionate and Merciful.

Praise be to God, Lord of all the worlds.

The Compassionate, the Merciful.

Ruler on the Day of Reckoning.

You alone do we worship and You alone do we ask for help.

Guide us on the straight path,

the path of those who have received your grace;

Not the path of those who have brought down wrath, nor of those who wander astray.

 

Amen.

On completing the reciting of Fatiha and for the first two rakats at any time of prayer, recite an additional short selection from the Qur'an after al Fatiha. You have the option of choosing the Surah that you wish to recite, however its better to stagger them and recite different ones with each Rakat.

 

Note: When Fards, the additional Surah's are only read in the first two rakats of the prayer
Choice of Surah's is: ( See “Surah's”)

 

Surah 1 - Al Fatiha

Surah 94 - Al-Insiráh (Expansion)

Surah 102 - At-Takáthur (Competition)

Surah 103 - Al-'Asr (Time)

Surah 107 - Al-Má'ún (Neighbourly Kindness)

Surah 108 - Al-Kauthar (Abundance)

 

Surah 109 - Al-Kafirún (The Unbelievers)

Surah 110 - An-Nasr (Succour)

Surah 112 - Al-Ikhlas (Purity)

Surah 113 - Al-Falaq (The Dawn)

Surah 114 - An-Náas (Mankind)

or any other surah that you may desire to recite

Ruk'u : Hands drop to sides; bend from waist, palms on knees, back parallel to ground; look at feet .

While bending:

Allahu Akbar

 

(While bent :)

Subhaana rabbiyal 'Azeem (x3)

God is great.

 

Holy is my Lord, the Magnificent.

 

 

 

 

Qauma : Rise from bending to standing, arms at sides.

 

While rising say -

Sami' Allaahu liman hamidah

 

(Response from anyone following the prayer :)

Rabbanaa wa lakal hamd

 

 

(Standing straight, pause :)

Allahu Akbar

 

Allah listens to him who praises Him.

 

 

Our Lord, to You is due all praise.

 

 

 

God is great.

 

Sudjood : Prostrate— hands on knees, lower slowly to kneeling position; touch forehead, nose and palms to ground (but not elbows); bend toes so tops of feet face the Qibla .

Subhaana rabbiyal 'Allah (x3)

(Pause :) Before rising to sitting position say Allahu Akbar

Glory to my Lord, the Most High.

God is great.

 

 

Qu'ud: Rise to sitting position, looking at lap. Men turn up heel of right foot, right toes bent; women keep both feet, soles up, under their body.

(Pause :)

Allahu Akbar

 

God is great

Sudjood : Prostrate again — hands on knees, lower slowly to kneeling position; touch forehead, nose and palms to ground (but not elbows); bend toes so tops of feet face the Qibla .

Subhaana rabbiyal 'Allah (x3)

(Pause :) Before rising to sitting position say Allahu Akbar

Glory to my Lord, the Most High.

God is great.

 

 

Qu'ud: Rise to sitting position, looking at lap. Men turn up heel of right foot, right toes bent; women keep both feet, soles up, under their body.

(Pause :)

Allahu Akbar

 

God is great

 

 

Note – when you rise to a sitting position on the second Qu'ud during the second rakat, you need to recite the At-Tashahhud (At-Tashahhud is a recreation of the conversation held between Allah and the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing upon him) during the night of the Heavenly Ascent - Miraj)

 

At Tahiyyaatu lillaahi was Salawaatu wat tayibaatu

As Salaamu 'alaika ayyuhan nabiyyu wa rahmatulaah laahi wa barakaatuh

As Salaamu 'alainaa wa 'alaa 'ebaadillaahis saaliheen,

 

(Hands on knees, raise right forefinger and recite :)

(Shahada)

Ash Hadu allaa ilaaha illa-Lah

Wa ash Hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhuu wa rasuuluh

 

All greetings, blessings and good acts are from You, my Lord.

Greetings to you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.

Peace be unto us, and unto the righteous servants of Allah.

 

(Testimony)

I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah.

And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.

 

This completes the first Rakats. The process is repeated for the Third rakat. Remembering that whilst reading Fard, the Surah's are NOT read in the third and fourth rakat

Note – Dependant on the number of rakats that are being performed (See “Rakats”), is also indicative of when the next stage explained occurs. The next defined stage always occurs after At-Tashahhud at the end of all required rakats have been performed and At-Tashahhud has been recited e.g. 4 Rakats prayer – Salawat is read after At-Tashahhud at the end of the fourth rakat
Salawat:

 

Allaa humma salli 'alaa Muhammadin wa 'alaa ali Muhammadin

 

Kamaa sallaita 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa ali Ibraaheema

 

Innaka hameedun Majeed

 

Alaa humma baarik 'ala Muhammadin wa 'alaa ali Muhammadin

 

Kamaa baarakta 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa ali Ibraaheema

 

Innaka hameedun Majeed

 

O Allah, bless our Muhammad and the people of Muhammad;

 

As you have blessed Abraham and the people of Abraham.

 

Surely you are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.

 

O Allah, be gracious unto Muhammad and the people of Muhammad;

 

As you were gracious unto Abraham and the people of Abraham.

 

Surely you are the Praiseworthy, the Glorious.

 

The linked supplications can be made at this stage

To Complete the Prayer:

Look over right shoulder (toward the angel recording your good deeds), then the left (toward the angel recording your wrongful deeds); say each time:

 

As Salaamu 'alaikum wa rahmatulaah

Peace and blessings of God be upon you.

 

 

Say personal supplications (dua's) with hands cupped and palms up at chest level. We haven't been able to find any evidence (dhkir) towards the practice of wiping your hands over your face at the end of the supplication. If anyone has the evidence (not emotional rhetoric please), please forward it to us for first authenticating the evidence and only than inclusion. Jazakallah

If praying in a group stand and greet each other individually,
saying: "May Allah receive our prayers." This was the practiced sunnah, which increased the brotherly or sisterly feelings and sadly doesn't happen anymore.